How Silk Fabric Comes To Life?
It all starts with these guys. Silk Fabric is an animal protein fiber produced by certain insects, like worms and spiders, to build their cocoons and webs Silk Fabric Ugly to some, these little silk worms are the very beginning of the incredible journey to making some of the most stunning Fabric Design out there – just check out the silk range on Offset Warehouse if you don’t believe me Net Design.
The “silkworm” is technicality not a worm but a moth pupa. They are always attribute to as worms, however, and I’m happy to go with the majority on that one! These appropriate worms are called Bombyx Mori, the mulberry silk moth, so-called because they feed on mulberry leaves. They are a breed of silk worm that relies on human intervention to survive – they are domesticated Embroidery Fabric.
This practice of breeding the silkworm for the management of silk is known as sericulture. It’s indecisive as to when sericulture first began, but it’s certainly been at least 5000 years, which is when it was taking place in China. From there, it dissemination to Korea and Japan, and later to India and the West. Over millennia, the silkworm was slowly agreeable from the wild silk moth, Bombyx Mandarina.
As I intimated, many insects produce silk, but only the filament produced by this Bombyx mori and a few others in the same species is used by the commercial silk industry Georgette designs.
Eggs take around 14 days to hatch into larvae, which eat frequently – literally bushels and bushels of mulberry leaves! The worm manure are black (why you’d want to know that, I’ve no idea, but I thought it was important). There are lots of phases of the larvae, as they hatch from tiny pin head size and grow into these big old worms (well, 30 day old worms to be precise). When the color of their heads turns darker, you know that they are almost “moult“. After the first moult, the instar phase of the silkworm begins Embroidery Fabric.
But what exactly is this fiber made of Silk fabric?
Silkworms have salivary glands called sericteries,which are used for the production of fibrin a clear, viscous, protein fluid that is forced through an opening in their heads called the spinneret. The diameter of the spinneret actuate the thickness of the silk thread ( or micron ), which is produced as a long, continuous filament. A second pair of glands disguise a gummy binding fluid called sericin which binds the two filaments together. Why did I tell you all that? Well, the sericin is tricky to get off and this forms part of the production process later on Designer Fabric Online.
The cocoons are then ensconce into a shallow, woven basket made of bamboo, like the one below. You may find a wood engraving of a cat on the basket – particularly in superstitious areas. This is because mice often climb to the mantelpiece of silkworms for a tasty treat, and cats make excellent deterrents! This is a bit like putting a fake heron next to our ponds in the UK… although I can’t imagine a picture of a cat does much deterring to a mouse. In any case, that’s why you adequacy find that not only do the sericulturists endure to put pictures of cats in their baskets, but they also nearly always raise cats Net Design.
How does the cocoon turn into a fiber?
At this point, I was so distraught by the process that I completely forgot to take a photo! But I did take a video, so please acquit the rather poor quality of the screen grabs. The cocoons are submerged into boiling water. The silk is then unreeled from the cocoon by demulcent the sericin and then delicately and carefully unwinding the filaments. You can see here that this skilled silk worker, Rose, is ‘staggering’ many many fibers – the norm is between four to eight cocoons at once.
As you can apparently see, a single thread filament is too thin to use on its own, so many fibers are combined to produce a thicker, usable fiber. This is done by hand-reeling the apparel onto a wooden spindle to produce a uniform strand of raw silk. As the fibers are being drawn through the small hole of the wooden panel above the pot, Rose periodically stirs the pot, which twists the fibers together – more on why we want twisted fibers and Fabric Design available.
The twisted fibers, now a thread, then feeds over the round barrel above this plank of wood, and then onto the spindle that is constantly being turned by hand. It takes Rose nearly 40 hours to produce a half kilogram of Silk Fabric.